Crohn’s Disease

Crohn’s disease is a form of chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that prevails at one or more locations along the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. It affects both males and females equally, and is more prevalent in developed countries, Europe and North America than in other parts of the world. Patients with the disease may experience intermittent…

Cataract

Cataract refers to the condition where the lens of the eye – a transparent, biconvex structure behind the iris that focuses light onto the retina so that we see things as they are – develops cloudy patches. These patches usually increase in area over time, subsequently affecting one’s vision. Cataract may develop in only one…

What’s in an FBC?

Every now and then, a doctor may prescribe you to have a full blood count, or FBC, (sometimes referred to as complete blood count, CBC) test done. This is usually carried out as part of the screening process to make a diagnosis, or may also be carried out as a routine check-up or to monitor…

Diabetes Mellitus (Type 1 and Type 2)

Diabetes mellitus, commonly referred to as diabetes, is a metabolic disorder that results in constantly elevated blood glucose levels (hyperglycaemia). Our blood glucose levels are usually regulated by insulin, a hormone secreted by the pancreas in response to elevated blood glucose levels. Insulin facilitates the absorption of excess glucose in blood circulation into liver, fat…

Polydactyly

Polydactyly affects about 1 in 1,000 individuals around the world. It is a condition where one or more extra fingers or toes are present at birth. Its name is derived from the Greek words for ‘many’ (poly) and ‘digits’ (dactylos). Symptoms There are three different ways in which polydactyly may manifest: Postaxial polydactyly or small…

Dyslexia

Dyslexia refers to a learning disability that can affect an individual in different ways. The most commonly affected skills are reading and writing, where spelling and phonetics are often particularly impacted. Organisational skills and the ability to process and retain information may also be affected. However, dyslexia does not affect intelligence. In fact, dyslexic people…

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)

Polycystic ovarian syndrome, or PCOS as it is commonly known, is a condition that affects around one in ten women around the world. It is caused by a hormonal imbalance which can bring about several metabolic and physical changes in the sufferer. The ovaries (left and right) are the organs in the female reproductive system…