Lupus

Lupus is a chronic autoimmune disease which can affect people differently. It is predominantly prevalent in females (9 out of every 10 cases) and occurs when the body’s immune system attacks its own tissues or organs, resulting in inflammation. Although there are about four different types of lupus, what we usually simply refer to as…

Iron Deficiency Anaemia

Anaemia generally refers to a deficit in the number or oxygen-carrying capacity of red blood cells (RBCs) in one’s body. There are several types of anaemia, which may result in some similar symptoms and complications, but which arise due to different reasons. The WHO regards anaemia as “a serious global public health problem”, enhanced by…

Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer refers to cancer of the cervix, which is the lower part of the uterus that bridges the uterus to the vagina. It is the eighth most common type of cancer globally, and the fourth most common type to occur among women (after breast cancer, colorectal cancer and lung cancer). According to a scientific…

Insomnia

Insomnia refers to the condition of having difficulty in falling asleep or remaining asleep. Intensity and frequency may vary from one case to another, and can often be improved with the introduction of certain lifestyle changes. Symptoms The most straight-forward symptoms of insomnia are: difficulty falling asleep at night (delayed sleep onset) waking up intermittently…

Acne Vulgaris

Acne vulgaris – or acne, as it is commonly known – is a skin condition that affects almost every individual at some point in their life. It is mostly incident among adolescents – around 14-17 years of age in girls, and around 16-19 years of age in boys. However, in some cases, it is more…

Polydactyly

Polydactyly affects about 1 in 1,000 individuals around the world. It is a condition where one or more extra fingers or toes are present at birth. Its name is derived from the Greek words for ‘many’ (poly) and ‘digits’ (dactylos). Symptoms There are three different ways in which polydactyly may manifest: Postaxial polydactyly or small…

Cleft Lip and Palate

One in 700 babies around the world are born with a cleft – a gap or a split – in their upper lip and/or palate (roof of the mouth). It is a birth defect that arises from improper formation in the uterus. Symptoms There are several ways in which a cleft can manifest itself. The…

Dental Caries (Cavities)

Dental caries – cavities or tooth decays, as they are commonly known – are caused by harmful bacteria in our mouth that feed on sugar and starch in food we consume, and produce acids as a by-product. Over time, these acids could attack and damage the teeth, starting with the enamel and working their way…

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, or OCD – as it is commonly known, is a mental disorder that can affect an individual in numerous ways. For some, symptoms are very mild and have little effect on their daily lives. However, for others, dealing with their own thoughts and actions is an everyday battle than can have a…

Dyslexia

Dyslexia refers to a learning disability that can affect an individual in different ways. The most commonly affected skills are reading and writing, where spelling and phonetics are often particularly impacted. Organisational skills and the ability to process and retain information may also be affected. However, dyslexia does not affect intelligence. In fact, dyslexic people…