Urticaria (Hives)

Urticaria, or hives, is a condition that affects up to 20% of the population at least once in their lifetime. While the source of the condition is immunology-related, it is often categorised as a dermatological condition due to its manifestation as small, pink/red, itchy bumps (welts) on the skin. They may occur on any part…

Cataract

Cataract refers to the condition where the lens of the eye – a transparent, biconvex structure behind the iris that focuses light onto the retina so that we see things as they are – develops cloudy patches. These patches usually increase in area over time, subsequently affecting one’s vision. Cataract may develop in only one…

Leprosy (Hansen’s Disease)

Leprosy (or Hansen’s Disease) is a communicable, infectious disease that has, over centuries, been associated with continued social stigma. In ancient times, it was believed to be some form of divine “punishment”, while in more recent history it was thought to cause “limbs to fall off” of affected individuals. In this article, we delve into…

What’s in an FBC?

Every now and then, a doctor may prescribe you to have a full blood count, or FBC, (sometimes referred to as complete blood count, CBC) test done. This is usually carried out as part of the screening process to make a diagnosis, or may also be carried out as a routine check-up or to monitor…

Diabetes Mellitus (Type 1 and Type 2)

Diabetes mellitus, commonly referred to as diabetes, is a metabolic disorder that results in constantly elevated blood glucose levels (hyperglycaemia). Our blood glucose levels are usually regulated by insulin, a hormone secreted by the pancreas in response to elevated blood glucose levels. Insulin facilitates the absorption of excess glucose in blood circulation into liver, fat…

Essential Tremor

Essential tremor is a neurological disorder that affects about 5% of the world’s population. It is also sometimes referred to as ‘familial tremor’ due to its tendency to run in families. Essential tremor is the most commonly occurring tremor disorder and is often confused with Parkinson’s disease due to the involuntary rhythmic shaking that both…

Migraine

A migraine is often recognised by its characteristic throbbing pain on one (more common) or both sides of the head. It can last from between hours to days and may be triggered by different events in different people. In general, women are three times more likely to develop migraines than men. While onset may occur…

Lupus

Lupus is a chronic autoimmune disease which can affect people differently. It is predominantly prevalent in females (9 out of every 10 cases) and occurs when the body’s immune system attacks its own tissues or organs, resulting in inflammation. Although there are about four different types of lupus, what we usually simply refer to as…

Iron Deficiency Anaemia

Anaemia generally refers to a deficit in the number or oxygen-carrying capacity of red blood cells (RBCs) in one’s body. There are several types of anaemia, which may result in some similar symptoms and complications, but which arise due to different reasons. The WHO regards anaemia as “a serious global public health problem”, enhanced by…

Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer refers to cancer of the cervix, which is the lower part of the uterus that bridges the uterus to the vagina. It is the eighth most common type of cancer globally, and the fourth most common type to occur among women (after breast cancer, colorectal cancer and lung cancer). According to a scientific…